Reason for the political, social and religious decline of Vedic Hinduism in Bengal (medieval via colonial to the post-partition era)




The solidest reason for the fall of Vedāntic Hinduism (not the Hinduism allowing flesh consumption and all sorts of andha-tāmasika worships in the mode of ignorance) in areas of Bhārata like Bengal (Both West Bengal state of India and the country of Bangladesh combined comprises 250 million human population — Indeed, the unification of Kolkata/Calcutta and Dacca/Dhaka forms one of the highest population density areas in the world + Bengali/Bangla language being the 7th most spoken language in the world today with about 189 million native speakers — this includes Bengali natives inhabiting in states like Assam, Odisha and Notheastern states of India. About 40% Hindu and 60% Muslim demographics in the total area of Bengal spread in two countries viz. Bhārata and Bangladesh) has remained the factor of ‘Bengali brotherhood’ – a notion which surpasses and supersedes all caste-related and religion-related barriers. Due to this reason, generally, liberal Hindu mindset – when transforms into a Bengali Hindu mindset, it overlooks the caste and religious barriers and gives emphasis to the ‘Bengali’ factor over all other factors. This is, more or less, same for the Bengali Muslims, too.


In 1971, the Bengali Muslim majority country of East Pakistan (formerly, known as East Bengal and later known as People’s Republic of Bangladesh) chose to overthrow the common ‘Islamic/Muslim’ religion based factor that it shared with its West Pakistani counterpart (today’s Islamic Republic of Pakistan) and, rather, emphasized its common ‘Bengali’ factor on top of all other factors and thus, chose to pair up with India which contained another small portion from the overall undivided Bengal province of the colonial/imperialistic British Raj.


Moreover, after the medieval times were over, in past 3 and half centuries, Bengali Hindu community has side-lined the caste factors (of the four Vedic classes/varas) and even the religion based segregation and on the name of Bengali brotherhood, the Bangla status has proved to be more integrally vital to a typical Bengali (whether a Muslim or a Hindi and whether a resident of West Bengal state of India or of the country called Bangladesh).


For this reason, any sort of pro-Islamic political and social groups/parties have so far been unsuccessful in gaining momentum in the Muslim majority Bangladesh. And the same applies to the Hindu majority Indian state of West Bengal, as well, where, after the political Independence and partition of India in 1947, no fundamentalist/right-wing Hindu socialist or religious group has been able to influence the mass at large. Rather, secularist political parties and the left-wing socialist atheistic communist parties were preferred choices of governments.


In short, in the Indian state of West Bengal, at present. the ‘Hindu’ feeling of pride is almost nil and negligible and paralysed by the provincial Bengali factor. Such are the reasons why the Vedic culture saw its downfall in Bengal despite the ironical fact of Bengali Muslim women wearing sarees and not the garments of the Arabian culture.



Moreover, in Mahābhārata, a certain passage describes how the Pāṇḍavas headed by Yudhīṣṭhira did not want to cross further interior into those parts of Bengal which laid on the eastern side of the Ganges – considering it to be a sinful place. For all such reasons, a strong pro-Vedic environment could not be, rationally, expected in Bengal as how it had a solid grip on the dākiātya or the dakṣināpatha i.e. Southern India and even in other parts of Northern India or uttarāpatha/audīcya.


Due to this, Bengal and the adjacent Northeastern Bhārata became the strongholds of all sorts of deviant non-Vedic and sinful tāntrika practices along with a general spread of flesh consumption incorporated into the daily lifestyle of even a typical Bengali Hindu. Even in such a detrimental scenario, the pro-bhakti, pro-Vedic and pro-Vaiṣṇava influence spread by the apostles of Caitanyadeva through the propagation of Bengal Vaiṣṇavism / Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism remains to be saluted and not criticized for whatsoever reason speculated.




— – Bhakti-rasa-vedānta-pīthādhīśvara Rāmakṛṣṇa Svāmī Gurupādācārya (Anand, Gujarat, Bhārata & City of Modesto, Stanislaus County, Northern California, USA)


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2 thoughts on “Reason for the political, social and religious decline of Vedic Hinduism in Bengal (medieval via colonial to the post-partition era)

  1. Additional key inputs to the article – “Reason for the political, social and religious decline of Vedic Hinduism in Bengal (medieval via colonial to the post-partition era)”

    A) After the historical turn created by the Battle of Plassey (in undivided Bengal involving the war between British East India Company & the then Muslim Nawab of Bengal) on the 23rd of June 1757 AD, Bengal, the then richest province of Undivided Akhaṇda Bhārata, directly, came under the full control of the English Victorian Crown. Bengal was the first province of Bhārata to come under the rule of British and till 1911 AD, Calcutta (Kolkata/Kalikata) was the capital city of Bhārata before shifting to New Delhi (Indraprastha). Hence, it suffered the most severe anti-Vedic consequences given by the British Raj. In mid-1700s, after the Battle of Plassey, the first census counting of undivided Bengal was done by the British resulting in a surprising revelation of the quantities of cows/cattle 10 times outnumbering the human population in the said region. This alarmed British who understood strongest reason behind the very backbone of the agricultural cum financial supremacy of Bhārata – the Golden Bird as known then. The reason was none other than the significant use of the Mother Cow (Gau Mātā) in all fields of Indian culture and all walks of Indigenous life starting from the process of cooking — down to medicine and agriculture. Thus, they devised an evil and disastrous anti-Vedic/anti-Hindu/anti-Āryan/anti-Bhāratīya plan of commencing the organized structure of cow slaughter on a commercial platform to rip Bengal (and later, the whole Bhārata) off from its prosperity by destroying the very dairy and agricultural related backbone. The effect was obvious in the next two and half centuries to come.

    B) Secondly, around 1835 AD (almost 75+ years after the Battle of Plassey), the British agent Sir McCaulay inspired the British Crown to impose the English system of education in Bhārata by deposing the Vedic Gurukula system throughout the country under the pretext that only the degree holder graduates from the academies containing English education system (another name for the western education system prevalent in the whole world today) will be entitled to hold employed services in all government and official/legal jobs throughout the nation. Thus, they dealt such an invincible blow to Bhārata which had not been dealt by either the Moghuls/Muslims nor any other types of invaders including the Alexander of Macedonia (in the pre-Christian era) in the past. The Hind was about to suffer its traditional educational decline – the severest injury it suffered – for Hind was known besides anything else – for its jñāna/buddhi/vidyā as being unexcelled in all arts and sciences, globally speaking – from the era of preceding Viṣṇugupta Cāṇakya and Sugata Buddha. We had the world’s first and oldest Rājanīti-śāstra and Arthanīti-śāstra (the science of politics and economics) as well as the oldest and most effective medicinal art of Āyurveda – to just name a few. Heat of the arts of Yoga and Āyurveda have been felt, for certain, by all the western world at the moment – so much so that it is endeavouring to tread the direction of Veganism by leaving behind its old mleccha culture, naturally, permitting the carnivorous life-style. Astrology and astronomy of Hind stood matchless globally in that era. Other major jewels included the art of Vedic Mathematics (which most of the mathematicians in the Western world today have accepted to be par-excellent in comparison to the western mathematics) and the Indian Classical Music – known for its paramount calibre in the musical domain. The sthāpatya-vidyā (art of architecture) was so par-excellent as can be evident from the most intrigue monuments still standing on Indian soil crossing the bounds of 2 millenia like Ashoka Pillar etc. to name a few. But, alas! In a single blow, all was made feeble and rendered impotent analogous to a eunuch’s fate.

    C) The strongest effect of demeaning the Vedic education system was to weaken and ultimately, destroy the significance of the foremost limb of the four-tiered Vedic societal structure i.e. the brahmins – for only brahmins, for the most part, served as gurus and ācāryas (teachers and professors) in all gurukulas spread throughout the Indian subcontinent including the monumental ones once stood in Taxila (Gandhara – Afghan-Pak Northwest Frontier Tribal Pashtun regions of NWFP and FATA) and in Nalanda (Bihar – North India) – dating back about 2 millenia back – the oldest among the 10 first universities in the world – the other being in Middle East and Europe – but all established later.

    By destroying the importance of brahmins – the head of Vedic varṇāśrama structure, British designed to pave way into injecting the inferiority complex within the Indian (especially, Hindu) mind so that it can start considering anything European as, by default, superior in calibre to its (India’s) own heritage. This was achieved by replacing the brahmins with the English professors and European scholars in all the McCaulay designed educational institutions. Thus, the ‘intellectual’ heritage and prestige of Bhārata was attacked and crumpled.

    D) In the post-Indian Independence area (after 1947 AD) and especially within past 10 years, the pseudo-secularist (anti-Vedic) governments of the West Bengal state of India have started an aggressive campaign, as part of their sheer vote-bank politics, to powerfully endorse and patronize all the educational and religious institutions in Bengal which spread Arabian culture, Arabian religion and Arabian language – by funding them to the utmost limit. On the other hand, purely Indigenous Vedic educational institutions lie in more bare neglect – in comparison to their impoverished situation seen during the British Raj. Now, gurukulas have been limited, only, to tirtha-sthānams (Hindu pilgrimage venues) and remain to serve only religious and sectarian education – as opposed to their function and geographical jurisdiction before the arrival of British when these gurukulas were spread throughout the all towns and villages of all provinces of Bhārata and when they did not serve, merely, for the religious or sectarian education – but, also, as seminaries for teaching all arts and sciences needed in the material prosperity of the mankind.

    E) Certain agents of British like the so-called revolutionary Raja Ramamohan Ray (founder of heterodox pro-Christian institution Brahmo-samāja) etc. – to name a few – chose to make the Bengali community perceive British as the well-wishers of Bhārata – by their acts and even religious revolutionaries like Vivekānanda Svāmī – presented the Vedic religion for the common Bengali mass in a way more appeasing to the Western culture of flesh consumption rather than loyalty to the orthodox Vedic way of abstinence from carnivorous instincts – despite the existence of some less popular Hindu organizations in Bengal like the Bharata Sevashrama Sangha which advocated a culture for Bengali Hindus more in alignment with the mainstream Vedic lifestyle. Neo-Gaudiya organizations like Gaudiya Mission / Gaudiya Mutt – selfishly escaped from their duties of saving the political-religious future of Bhārata by sidelining all issues non-spiritual, but at the same time, welcoming with a red-carpet welcome – the British Viceroy and Governor of Bengal during the official ceremonies of their mission and by, shamelessly, hurling huge banners of ‘God bless the King’ (King referring to the mleccha British Crown sitting in London) on their Mutt premises during such festivals. The founders of Gaudiya Mutt forgot the basis codes of politics and statesmanship as given by Paṇḍiṭa Cāṇakya in his famous Artha-śāstra which states that the basis of dharma or religion and samskṛti or culture is the rājya/rāṣṭra and the basis of rāṣṭra is the rājā or the King. If so, how can the political proprietorship of Devabhūmi Bhārata (which even devatās pray to take birth on) usurped by the British Crown be of no issue to the so-called spiritualists only busy in the sectarian spread of their own brick-made buildings, ultimately, to be used for the comfort zones of those ascetic recluses who advertise themselves as renounced and, ultimately, leading those renounced to the legal court disputes?

    As far as the character of Sri Rabindranath Tagore goes, he, too, stands under a dubious possibility to have appeased the British Crown at several instances — though a charge greatly questioned. Moreover, patriots like Subhashchandra Bose etc. adopted more or less, ideas of socialism influenced more by atheistic communism – rather than pro-Hindu nationalism – all, ultimately, resulting in the Bengal and its destiny we behold at present. May Lord Janārdana lead Bhārata back to its old glory of pre-18th Century CE – so far as the cultural, social, educational and religious values are concerned.

    F) The birthplace of Caitanyadeva viz., the historical district of Nadiyā (Navadvīpa) was to be given to East Pakistan (now known as Bangladesh) as per the Radcliffe Commission working under the British Govt., but due to the efforts made by certain prominent Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava renounced saints in Bengal (the exact names of these Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava saints have been recorded, precisely, by Late Prof. Dr. Oudh Bihari Lal Kapoor’s Hindi work – Braj Ke Bhakt), the plan had to be altered at the last moment – thus saving Caitanyadeva’s janma-bhūmi from being annexed into an Islamic state of East Pakistan. Lakhs of petition signatures were taken from the Hindu community of Nadia district to forbid its annexation into East Pakistan – thus mounting a great pressure on the Radcliffe Commission responsible for the 1947 religious based sectarian partition resulting in the biggest genocide of the world history (leaving more than 2 million people dead on the Indian subcontinent) – the political and geographical division of Mother Bhārata – for the very first time in its history — severing its left and right arms (East and West Pakistan – Punjab, Sindh, NWFP/Gandhara and Bengal) and partially, injuring its head (the unsolved international Kashmir dispute).

    — Gurupādācārya Svāmī

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